First problem, he is desaturating at 85% despite FiO2 80%. She already increased FiO2 to 100% but that just improved his saturation to 88%.
[az_toggle_section] [toggle title=”What else can you do?” id=”tgl-1″]
Increase the mean airway pressure (MAP)
Walk through the break-down tree to figure out how!
[az_accordion_section] [accordion title=”Increasing Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)” id=”acc-1″] 1. Increases pressure during both inspiration and expiration
2. Can have the added advantage of improving oxygenation by decreasing shunt
[/accordion] [accordion title=”Increasing Tidal Volume or Inspiratory Pressure” id=”acc-2″] 1. Increases the pressure during inspiration and therefore increases mean airway pressure
2. Potential issues include barotrauma and lung injury
[/accordion] [accordion title=”Increasing Inspiratory Time” id=”acc-3″] 1. Proportionally increases the amount of time at higher pressure
2. Increases the mean pressure without increasing the peak pressure
3. Potential issues:
- Alters the I:E ratio (shorter expiration) which may result in gas trapping and barotrauma
- Can cause patient discomfort due to an unnatural breathing pattern
[az_toggle_section] [toggle title=”Which one(s) of these options will you chose for your patient?” id=”tgl-1″] Increasing PEEP seems like a good idea since it will hopefully open and recruit some of those collapse and clogged alveolis seen on the X-Ray and reduce shunt. With more open alveolis, you might even see an improvement in compliance!
Increasing TV (or Pinsp if you were in PC-AC) isn’t that interesting. You know that high volumes and high pressures can cause additional damage to an already injured lung and your patient is already at 500mL of TV which corresponds to almost 7cc/kg of ideal body weight. You decide not to touch the TV.
Your only other option is therefore to increase Ti. You decide to try it since the patient is now back on sedation and you don’t expect a recovery over night.
In summary, you chose to try PEEP at 8cmH2O (from 5cmH2O) and Ti at 2.0s (from 1.7) to start, knowing you might need to adjust the settings again depending on the evolution overnight. [/toggle] [/az_toggle_section]